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STUDENT IJMR
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 141  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 473-477

Profile of urinary tract infections in paediatric patients


1 Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)), Puducherry, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)), Puducherry, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)), Puducherry, India
4 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)), Puducherry, India
5 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER)), Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Jharna Mandal
Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Puducherry 605 006
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Read associated Erratum: Erratum with this article

DOI: 10.4103/0971-5916.159299

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Background & objectives: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary care centre in Puducherry, south India, with the aim of finding the profile of the paediatric urinary tract infection (UTI), bacterial pathogens involved, and also to observe vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and renal scarring in these patients. Methods: A total of 524 paediatric patients ≤13 yr, suspected to have UTI, were included in the study. Urine samples were collected, processed for uropathogen isolation and antibiotic susceptibility test was performed as per the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. Thirty two culture proven children with UTI underwent micturating cysto-urethrography (MCU) and dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scanning was done for 69 children. Results: o0 f the 524 children, 186 (35.4%) had culture proven UTI with 105 (56.4%) being infants, 50 (27.4%) between 1-5 yr, 30 (16.12%) between 5-13 yr and 129 (69.35%) males. Posterior urethral valve (PUV) was noted in three, hydronephrosis in one, VUR in 18 and renal scarring in 33. VUR as well as renal scarring were more in males >1 yr of age. A significant association (P=0.0054) was noted with a combined sensitivity and specificity of these investigations being 83 and 90 per cent, respectively of the MCU and DMSA scans for detecting VUR. Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen isolated, sensitive to nitrofurantoin, followed by cefoperazone-sulbactam, aminoglycosides and meropenem. Interpretation & conclusions: Our results indicate that UTI varies with age and gender and extensive evaluation is required in boys over one year of age with UTI. This study also highlights the better efficacy of aminoglycosides, cefoperazone-sulbactam and nitrofurantoin in vitro compared with meropenem in gram-negative uropathogens.


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