Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 140  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 98-105

Promise(s) of using mesenchymal stem cells in reproductive disorders

Department of Stem Cell Research, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijayalakshmi Venkatesan
Scientist 'E', Department of Biochemistry/Stem Cell Research, National Institute of Nutrition, (ICMR), Jamai-Osmania (P.O), Hyderabad 500 007, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 25673552

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In recent times, infertility among both man and woman has become a major concern affecting about 20 per cent of the population worldwide and has been attributed in part to several aetiological factors such as changes in lifestyle, which includes sedentary life, dietary habits, sleep anomalies, environmental pollution, etc. Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have come to the rescue of many such couples, but presence of metabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes with insulin resistance (IR) and its secondary complications (micro- and macro-vascular complications), become confounders to the outcome of ART. Cell therapies are arising as a new hope in the management of reproductive disorders and currently, the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) harvested from the adult sources finds wide application in the management of diseases like stroke, neuropathy, nephropathy, myopathy, wounds in diabetes, etc. Given the capacity of MSCs to preferentially home to damaged tissue and modulate the cellular niche/microenvironment to augment tissue repairs and regeneration, the present review outlines the applications of MSCs in the management of infertility/reproductive disorders.

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