Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 140  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 729-735

Clinical, biochemical & cytomorphologic study on Hashimoto's thyroiditis


1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, India
2 Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Suja Sreedharan
Professor & Head, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore 575 001, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 25758571

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Background & objectives: Despite, the extensive salt iodization programmes implemented in India, the prevalence of goiter has not reduced much in our country. The most frequent cause of hypothyroidism and goiter in iodine sufficient areas is Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). This study records the clinical presentation, biochemical status, ultrasonographic picture and cytological appearance of this disease in a coastal endemic zone for goiter. Methods: Case records of patients with cytological diagnosis of HT were studied in detail, with reference to their symptoms, presence of goiter, thyroid function status, antibody levels and ultrasound picture. Detailed cytological study was conducted in selected patients. Results: A total of 144 patients with cytological proven HT/lymphocytic thyroiditis were studied. Ninety per cent of the patients were females and most of them presented within five years of onset of symptoms. Sixty eight per cent patients had diffuse goiter, 69 per cent were clinically euthyroid and 46 per cent were biochemically mildly hypothyroid. Antibody levels were elevated in 92.3 per cent cases. In majority of patients the sonographic picture showed heterogeneous echotexture with increased vascularity. Cytological changes were characteristic. Interpretation & conclusions: Our study showed predominance of females in the study population in 21-40 yr age group with diffuse goiter. We suggest that in an endemic zone for goiter, all women of the child bearing age should be screened for HT.


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