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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 140  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-31

Epidemiology & social costs of haemophilia in India


Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Pune, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Kar
Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Pune, Pune 411 007
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 25222774

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India lacks a national policy on the prevention and control of genetic disorders. Although the haemoglobinopathies have received some attention, there are scarce data on the epidemiology of other genetic disorders in India. Haemophilia, an inherited single gene disorder with an incidence of 1 per 10,000 births, manifests as spontaneous or trauma-induced haemorrhagic episodes in patients, progressing to chronic disability and premature mortality in untreated patients or patients with sub-optimal treatment. Although the genetic basis of this disorder has been well studied in India, data on the number of patients, trends of the disorder in India, social costs of the condition and opportunities and competencies for offering genetic counselling through a public health programme have not been reported. This review article summarizes the available Indian data, which show that the country harbours the second highest number of global patients with haemophilia A. The reported number of patients with haemophilia A is 11,586 while the estimated prevalence could be around 50,000 patients. This review also identifies the need to immediately initiate a national programme for haemophilia, with components of prevention, care for patients, surveillance and education and support for families.


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