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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 138  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 303-316

Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: An update


1 Regional STD Teaching, Training & Research Center, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjang Hospital, India
2 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029, India

Correspondence Address:
Seema Sood
Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24135174

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Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of curable bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. It manifests primarily as urethritis in males and endocervicitis in females. Untreated chlamydial infection in man can cause epididymitis and proctitis. Though most women with Chlamydia infection are asymptomatic or have minimal symptoms, some develop salpingitis, endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility. It is associated with an increased risk for the transmission or acquisition of HIV and is also attributed to be a risk factor for the development of cervical carcinoma. Early diagnosis and treatment of infected individuals is required to prevent the spread of the disease and severe sequelae. Traditionally, tissue culture was considered the gold standard for the diagnosis. However, with the availability of newer diagnostic techniques particularly molecular methods which are not only highly sensitive and specific but are cost-effective also, the diagnosis has became fast and easy. The purpose of this review is to study the various aspects of genital C. trachomatis infection. Also the advances related to the clinical picture, various diagnostic modalities, prevention, treatment, drug resistance and control measures will be dealt with.


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