Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 892       
CENTENARY REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 138  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-31

Emerging & re-emerging infections in India: An overview


1 Epidemiology Division, National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India
2 WHO Country Office India, New Delhi, India
3 Epidemiology & Epidemic Intelligence Service, National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
J P Narain
Advisor Epidemiology & Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS), National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi 110 054
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24056553

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

The incidence of emerging infectious diseases in humans has increased within the recent past or threatens to increase in the near future. Over 30 new infectious agents have been detected worldwide in the last three decades; 60 per cent of these are of zoonotic origin. Developing countries such as India suffer disproportionately from the burden of infectious diseases given the confluence of existing environmental, socio-economic, and demographic factors. In the recent past, India has seen outbreaks of eight organisms of emerging and re-emerging diseases in various parts of the country, six of these are of zoonotic origin. Prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases will increasingly require the application of sophisticated epidemiologic and molecular biologic technologies, changes in human behaviour, a national policy on early detection of and rapid response to emerging infections and a plan of action. WHO has made several recommendations for national response mechanisms. Many of these are in various stages of implementation in India. However, for a country of size and population of India, the emerging infections remain a real and present danger. A meaningful response must approach the problem at the systems level. A comprehensive national strategy on infectious diseases cutting across all relevant sectors with emphasis on strengthened surveillance, rapid response, partnership building and research to guide public policy is needed.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed4418    
    Printed29    
    Emailed2    
    PDF Downloaded901    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal