Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 1251       
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 136  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 30-35

Sexual activity as risk factor for hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission among the female sex workers in Nagaland


1 Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), N.E. Region, Dibrugarh, India
2 National AIDS Research Institute (NARI), Pune, India
3 Family Health International (FHI), Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Jagadish Mahanta
Director, Regional Medical Research Centre (ICMR), NE Region, Post Box 105, Dibrugarh 786 001
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Background & objectives: Female sex workers (FSWs) of north-east India form a unique group as they are exposed to an enormous injecting drug user (IDU) clientele. This association makes them more vulnerable to blood borne viral infections. Over and above some of them also indulge in drug injecting practices along with their partners. The present study was carried out on FSWs to assess the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and possibility of sexual transmission of HCV and associated risk factors among them. Methods: A sample of 426 FSWs was recruited cross-sectionally using respondent driven sampling methods. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the factors associated with HCV infection. Results: The seroprevalence of HCV among 426 FSWs was 9.6 per cent, antibody to HIV was present in 13.4 per cent, 4.9 per cent were co-infected with HIV and HCV. Seroprevalence of HCV among participants without history of injecting drugs use, tattooing or blood transfusion was 7.5 per cent. An increased risk of HCV seropositivity was associated with history of injecting drug use (OR 10.41, CI 4.30-25.22), use of oral drugs (OR 4.7, CI 2.4-9.08), having sexual partners who were injecting drug users (OR 2.9, CI 1.5-5.6), having live-in relationship (OR 7.1, CI 1.59-31.52), HIV seropositivity (OR 10.18, CI 5.05-20.54) and HSV-2 seropositivity (OR 2.86, CI 1.45-5.43) in univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, history of injecting drug use, HIV and HSV-2 seropositivity were found to be significantly associated with HCV seropositivity. Interpretation & conclusion: Although acquisition of HCV by sexual route may not be as efficient as parenteral route, yet sexual transmissibility of HCV among FSWs poses high risk to the community.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed882    
    Printed37    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded201    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal