Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 135  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 407-413

Ameliorative effects of Panax quinquefolium on experimentally induced reflux oesophagitis in rats

Division of Pharmacology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Gautam Palit
Division of Pharmacology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background & objectives: Reflux oesophagitis (RE), is one of the most prevalent chronic gastrointestinal disorders commonly referred to as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and requires long term therapy. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects of Panax quinquefolium (PQ), administered with variable doses, on experimentally induced reflux oesophagitis (RE) in rats. Methods:Forty two female Sprague-Dawley (180-220 g) rats were randomly divided to receive standardized root powder of PQ (50-200mg/kg, po), standard anti-reflux (omeprazole, 5 mg/kg, ip) and anti-oxidant (α-tocopherol, 16 mg/kg, po). After 45 min drug pretreatment, RE was produced in rats by simultaneous ligation of the pyloric end and forestomach. Several parameters, including macroscopic lesion index, glutathione system, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity were measured. Alterations in ICAM-1, CINC-2 and MCP-1 gene expression were examined through reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: PQ significantly attenuated the severity of the macroscopic signs of RE-induced tissue damage, replenished the depleted GSH level and reduced the RE-associated LPO levels dose dependently. In contrast, omeprazole though effectively improved the mucosal damage, it failed to bring significant attenuation of RE-associated changes in LPO, GSH level and MPO activity. α-Tocopherol significantly ameliorated RE-induced tissue injury and improved LPO level and GSH/GSSG ratio but failed to counteract RE-induced MPO activity. PQ at dose of 100 mg/kg significantly downregulated ICAM-1 and CINC-2 expression whereas it showed no effect over MCP-1 expression. Interpretation & Conclusions: The present data indicate that PQ protects against RE-induced oesophageal damage via a mechanism that inhibits the influx of inflammatory cell to oesophagus and a consequence excessive oxidative load, opening the avenue to its promising protective role in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

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