Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 134  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-90

Total antioxidant capacity in Eales' disease, uveitis & cataract

1 Biochemistry and Cell Biology Department, Vision Research Foundation, Chennai, India
2 Uvea Department, Vision Research Foundation, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Narayanasamy Angayarkanni
Biochemistry & Cell Biology Department, Sankara Nethralaya, Vision Research Foundation, 18, College Road, Chennai 600 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21808139

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Background & objectives: The human system possesses antioxidants that act harmoniously to neutralize the harmful oxidants. This study was aimed to evaluate the serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) as a single parameter in Eales' disease (ED) and in an acute inflammatory condition such as uveitis and in cataract which is chronic, compared to healthy controls. Methods: The TAC assay was done spectrophotometrically in the serum of Eales' disease cases (n=20) as well as in other ocular pathologies involving oxidative stress namely, uveitis and cataract (n=20 each). The oxidative stress measured in terms of TBARS, was correlated with the TAC. Individual antioxidants namely vitamin C, E and glutathione were also estimated and correlated with TAC. Results: TAC was found to be significantly lower in Eales' disease with active vasculitis (0.28 ± 0.09 mM, P<0.001), Eales' disease with healed vasculitis (0.67 ± 0.09 mM), uveitis (0.46 ± 0.09 mM, P<0.001) and cataract (0.53 ± 0.1 mM, P=0.001) compared to the healthy controls, with a TAC level of 0.77 ± 0.09 mM. The TAC was found to correlate positively with vitamin E levels (P=0.05), GSH (P=0.02) but not with vitamin C, as seen in ED cases. In ED cases supplemented with vitamin E and C, there was a significant increase in the TAC level (P=0.02). Interpretation & conclusions: The TAC measurement provided a comprehensive assay for establishing a link between the antioxidant capacity and the risk of disease as well as monitoring antioxidant therapy. This method is a good substitute for assay of individual antioxidants as it clearly gives the status of the oxidative stress in the disease process.

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