Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 134  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-25

ICMR-DBT Guidelines for Evaluation of Probiotics in Food

1 National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi, India
2 World Health Organization, New Delhi, India
3 National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India
4 National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, India
5 Department of Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India
6 Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Epidemiology, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research, New Delhi, India
7 Department of Microbiology, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India
8 Kamineni Hospitals, Hyderabad, India
9 National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, India
10 Food Safety and Standard Authority of India, New Delhi, India
11 Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
12 Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
G S Toteja
Scientist 'F', Centre for Promotion of Nutrition Research & Training with Special Focus on North-East, Tribal & Inaccessible Population (ICMR), ICMR Campus II, Tuberculosis Association of India; Ist Floor, 3 Red Cross Road, Near Parliament House, New Delhi 110 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21808130

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There has been an increased influx of probiotic products in the Indian market during the last decade. However, there has been no systematic approach for evaluation of probiotics in food to ensure their safety and efficacy. An initiative was, therefore, taken by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) along with the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) to formulate guidelines for regulation of probiotic products in the country. These guidelines define a set of parameters required for a product/strain to be termed as 'probiotic'. These include identification of the strain, in vitro screening for probiotic characteristics, animal studies to establish safety and in vivo animal and human studies to establish efficacy. The guidelines also include requirements for labeling of the probiotic products with strain specification, viable numbers at the end of shelf life, storage conditions, etc., which would be helpful to the consumers to safeguard their own interest.

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