Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 133  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 369-380

The need for obtaining accurate nationwide estimates of diabetes prevalence in India - Rationale for a national study on diabetes


1 Madras Diabetes Research Foundation & Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Noncommunicable Diseases, Prevention & Control, Chennai, India
2 Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA

Correspondence Address:
V Mohan
Director & Chief of Diabetes Research, Madras Diabetes Research Foundation & Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre, WHO Collaborating Centre for Noncommunicable Diseases, Prevention & Control, 4, Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai 600 086
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21537089

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According to the World Diabetes Atlas, India is projected to have around 51 million people with diabetes. However, these data are based on small sporadic studies done in some parts of the country. Even a few multi-centre studies that have been done, have several limitations. Also, marked heterogeneity between States limits the generalizability of results. Other studies done at various time periods also lack uniform methodology, do not take into consideration ethnic differences and have inadequate coverage. Thus, till date there has been no national study on the prevalence of diabetes which are truly representative of India as a whole. Moreover, the data on diabetes complications is even more scarce. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a large well-planned national study, which could provide reliable nationwide data, not only on prevalence of diabetes, but also on pre-diabetes, and the complications of diabetes in India. A study of this nature will have enormous public health impact and help policy makers to take action against diabetes in India.


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