Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research Indan Journal of Medical Research
  Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login  
  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 3486       
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 127  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 256-262

The physiology of vitamin D : current concepts


M.S. Ramaiah Medical College & Hospitals, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
N Kochupillai
M.S. Ramaiah Medical College & Hospitals, Bangalore, India

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 18497440

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

The vitamin D endocrine system, besides playing pivotal roles in calcium homeostasis & bone mineral metabolism, is now recognized to subserve a wide range of fundamental biological functions in cell differentiation, inhibition of cell growth as well as immuno modulation. Vitamin D is a prohormone which is converted into its active hormonal form 1, 25 (OH)D2 D, 1, 25 (OH)D2 D activates its cellular receptor (VDR) which activate target genes to engender its biological actions. This review provides a summary of recent understanding of the complex actions of the vitamin D hormone 1, 25 (OH)2 D which is a final product of 1alpha hydroxylation in the proximal tubular cells of kidneys. Emerging evidence also indicates both 1, 25 (OH)2 D3 independent as well as depended action of vitamin D receptor (VDR). Thus, the vitamin D system action may involve more than one single receptor and legand. The presence of 1alpha hydroxylase in many target cells other than proximal renal tubular cells indicates autocrine and paracrine functions for 1, 25 (OH)2 D3 in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation. Vitamin D and related molecules belong to a elaborate endocrine system that acts on target genomic receptors in several organ systems to control cell proliferation and differentiation.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed157    
    Printed14    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded126    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal